That night, they are finally talking of Miles' expulsion when the ghost of Quint appears to the governess at the window. The governess shields Miles, who attempts to see the ghost. The governess tells him that he is no longer controlled by the ghost, and then finds that Miles has died in her arms. Template:Review Throughout his career James was attracted to the ghost story genre.
However, he was not fond of literature's stereotypical ghosts, the old-fashioned 'screamers' and 'slashers'. Rather, he preferred to create ghosts that were eerie extensions of everyday reality—"the strange and sinister embroidered on the very type of the normal and easy," as he put it in the New York Edition preface to his final ghost story, " The Jolly Corner ".
The Turn of the Screw is no exception to this formula. In fact, some critics Template:Who have wondered if he didn't intend the "strange and sinister" to be embroidered only on the governess's mind and not on objective reality. The result has been a long-standing critical dispute about the reality of the ghosts and the sanity of the governess.
Beyond the dispute, critics Template:Who have closely examined James's narrative technique for the story. The framing introduction and subsequent first-person narrative by the governess have been studied by theorists of fiction Template:Who interested in the power of fictional narratives to convince or even manipulate readers. The imagery of The Turn of the Screw is reminiscent of the gothic genre. The emphasis on old and mysterious buildings throughout the novella reinforces this motif.
James also relates the amount of light present in various scenes to the strength of the supernatural or ghostly forces apparently at work. The governess refers directly to The Mysteries of Udolpho and indirectly to Jane Eyre , evoking a comparison of the governess not only to Jane Eyre' s protagonist, but to Bertha, the madwoman confined in Thornfield.
The dispute over the reality of the ghosts has had a real effect on some critics, most notably Edmund Wilson , who was one of the first major proponents of the insane governess theory. However, he eventually recanted this opinion after consideration of the governess's point-by-point description of Quint. Then John Silver  indicated hints in the story that the governess might have gained previous knowledge of Quint's appearance in non-supernatural ways.
This induced Wilson to recant his recantation and return to his original opinion that the governess was abnormal and that the ghosts existed only in her imagination. William Veeder sees Miles's eventual death as induced by the governess. The Collector'S Edition. Philip Glass. Leonard Bernstein. Richard Strauss. Pierre Boulez. Krzysztof Penderecki. Johannes Brahms.
Luciano Berio. Thomas Ades. Igor Stravinsky. John Adams. Einojuhani Rautavaara. Maurice Ravel. George Gershwin. Hans Werner Henze. Claude Debussy. Olivier Messiaen. Alfred Schnittke. William Walton. Malcolm Arnold. Henry Purcell. Ludwig Van Beethoven. Felix Mendelssohn. Ottorino Respighi. Sofia Gubaidulina. Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky. Camille Saint-Saens. Christoph Willibald Gluck. Dmitri Shostakovich. Franz Joseph Haydn. Georg Philipp Telemann. Leos Janacek. Gustav Mahler. Jean-Baptiste Lully.
With tears he fights and wins the field, His naked breast stands for a shield; His battering shot are babish cries, His arrows looks of weeping eyes, His martial ensigns Cold and Need, and feeble Flesh his warrior's steed. His camp is pitched in a stall, His bulwark but a broken wall; The crib his trench, haystalks his stakes; of shepherds he his muster makes; And thus, as sure his foe to wound, the angels' trumps alarum sound.
My soul, with Christ join thou in fight; stick to the tents that he hath pight.
Bach, J. Template:Henry James. Jean Sibelius. Jean-Baptiste Lully. Felix Mendelssohn. Claude Debussy. Slide It In 35Th Anniversary. Benjamin Britten. The governess and Mrs.
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