Features Interviews Lists. Streams Videos All Posts. Genre Classical. Styles Keyboard. Track Listing - Disc 1. Transcribed for orchestra. Johann Sebastian Bach. Leopold Stokowski. Chorale Prelude for organ: Nun komm der Heiden Heiland orchestral tra.
Chorale Prelude for organ: Wir Glauben all' an einen Gott. Shepherd's Christmas Music transcribed for orchestra. Prelude in B Minor transcribed for orchestra. Prelude transcribed for orchestra. Fugue transcribed for orchestra. Sarabande transcribed for orchestra. This recording was even more successful than the Mussorgsky, and it encouraged us to tackle the most ambitious follow-up: Wagner.
Here we had a different consideration. These were not transcriptions, but symphonic syntheses of operas. Stokowski's reasons at the time were similar to the ones I mentioned above: Wagner was still largely unperformed in the opera houses, and Stokowski wanted this music to be heard.
The only work in which he made actual orchestration changes was the Ride of the Valkyries , where he cleverly accentuated some things in the second violins which might otherwise be obscured, and also made some flashy doublings. On the other hand, he took away some doublings in the brass to clarify the texture. The changes are in general quite subtle. The other adjustments, in the large operatic chunks, were to link the different orchestral fragments and to give vocal lines to musical instruments.
But in general he left Wagner alone! Letter after letter started to arrive demanding a continuation of the Bach recording and specifically requesting the Toccata and Fugue. Stokowski's personal score of his orchestration of Bach Toccata and Fugue in D minor, BWV 1 Eventually I got enough nerve to approach it, especially after I heard other versions both in recordings and public performances. I also listened to organ performances to try to get close to the "original", and studied the musicologist's notes that claimed that this amazing work may not be by Bach after all.
I wondered how Stokowski would have felt about that, considering the disdain he felt for musicologists and what they stood for. Mussorgsky wrote his Pictures at an Exhibition or Tableaux d'une Exposition for piano in The composition represented Mussorgsky's musical impressions of 10 or perhaps 11 tableaux by Mussorgsky's friend Viktor Hartmann , shown at a retrospective exhibition of Hartmann's works.
Hartmann had died unexpectedly of an aneurysm the year before. Hartmann's death is said to have made a deep impression on Mussorgsky, and Mussorgsky who also died young - 7 days after his 42nd birthday, later recounted that he composed these piano pieces in only six weeks. In Mussorgsky's original piano composition of , there are ten "tableaux", linked by "Promenades". Mussorgsky composed the "promenade" music to represent an exhibition visitor walking from picture to picture.
Source books indicate that Mikhail Tushmalov , a lesser Russian composer, was the first to orchestrate Pictures at an Exhibition in about , but including only of 7 of the 10 pictures.
Sir Henry Wood also produced an orchestration of Pictures in , but he apparently also made major changes to the original composition rather than a faithful orchestration of the original piano composition.
Ravel produced his famous orchestration of the complete 10 pictures in under a commission by Serge Koussevitzky. Stokowski introduced the Ravel orchestration of Mussorgsky's piano work in 22, 23 November concerts, after Koussevitzky's performance exclusivity of the Ravel orchestration ended. Ten days later, on November 27, , Victor recorded Stokowski and the Philadelphians performing this work in the Academy of Music.
The Stokowski orchestration is made up of 10 sections, counting both Promenades and Tableaux, but not exactly corresponding to Mussorgsky's original piano composition. Stokowski left out two of the original piano tableaux: 3. Stokowski is said not to be convinced that these two movements were in fact composed by Mussorgsky, but perhaps may have been added by Rimsky-Korsakov.
Stokowski further said in interviews that he found these movements to be more French than Russian. Certainly, it is the dark, Russian tone which Stokowski felt was essential and wanted to assure in his orchestration. Other Countries. Soul 80s. Italo Disco. Acid jazz. Groove Revival. Jazz Classic. Cool Jazz. Modern Jazz. Jazz fusion. Vocal jazz. Spiritual jazz. Free Jazz. Others Jazz.
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Martland, Peter. In this discography, and elsewhere in this www. Pseudonym orchestra names Johann Sebastian Bach - Bach Transcriptions (Vinyl as "Stadium Symphony of New York" are Johann Sebastian Bach - Bach Transcriptions (Vinyl their correct names, e. Brahms, Falla, Raphael, Tchaikovsky. And Stokowski and the Philadelphia Orchestra are fully equal in their contribution. Services below require separate subscription. Bach, Johann Sebastian Stokowski, Leopoldarranger s. Shepherd's Song.
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