Naegleria fowleri , which has been dubbed "the brain-eating amoeba, " causes primary amoebic meningoencephalitis PAM. Though the disease is rare, it is almost always fatal. According to the CDC, early symptoms include fever and vomiting, ultimately progressing to more severe symptoms such as hallucinations and coma.
Naegleria fowleri is present in warm freshwater bodies such as hot springs, lakes and rivers, or in poorly chlorinated swimming pools and contaminated, hot, tap water. The amoeba enters from the nose and travels to the brain. However, one cannot contract the infection by swallowing water according to the CDC. Another amoeba, Balamuthia mandrillaris , can cause the brain infection granulomatous amoebic encephalitis GAE.
Balamuthia infections are rare but are most often fatal. The CDC states the death rate from infection to be 89 percent. Early symptoms include headaches, nausea and low grade fever, which ultimately progress to weight loss, partial paralysis and speech difficulties.
Balamuthia mandrillaris is found in the soil and can enter the body through open wounds, or by breathing in contaminated dust. Amoebae can also play host to bacteria that are pathogenic to humans and aid in spreading such bacteria. Bacterial pathogens such as Legionella can resist digestion when consumed by amoebae. Instead, they are released intact from vacuoles into an amoeba's cytoplasm where they proliferate.
In such cases, bacteria can become resistant to treatments designed to control their numbers for example, chlorine treatment of water. This may then increase the chances of human exposure to bacterial pathogens, according to a article in the journal Applied and Environmental Microbiology. Maciver cites the example of cooling towers, where both amoebae and bacteria can grow. These cooling towers tend to expel water droplets, which passersby can breathe in. If bacteria enter the body of an immunocompromised individual in such a manner, they can ultimately infect macrophages, one of the immune system's many defensive cells.
Lastly, amoebae are an important part of the soil ecosystem. They regulate bacterial populations. Secret Samadhi CD Live. Throwing Copper CD Live. Mental Jewelry CD Live. CD Tweet. Overall Rating 0 Submissions. Log In Username or Email: Forgot your username? Password: Forgot your password?
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